ब्रिजवेन/ सरल गुरुङ
अष्ट्रेलियाले योग्यता पुगेका आप्रवासीहरुलाई नागरिकता दिने गर्छ । सबै योग्यता पुगेपछि नागरिकताका लागि छुट्टै परिक्षा दिनुपर्छ । आगामी नोभेम्बरदेखि नागरिकताका लागि लिइने परिक्षाको प्रश्नहरुमा हेरफेर गरिने भएको छ । अब यी २० प्रश्नमा अष्ट्रेलियाको मुल्यमान्यता झल्किने ५ प्रश्नहरु थप्न लागिएको हो । सहि उत्तर छान्ने सुविधासहितको २० वटा प्रश्नको परिक्षामा पास हुन ७५ प्रतिशत नम्बर ल्याउनेपर्छ । तर, राष्ट्रिय मुल्यमान्यता प्रश्नहरुको उत्तर भने सबै सहि नै हुनुपर्नेछ । नया प्रश्नसहितको प्रश्नपत्रहरु आगामी नोभेम्बर १५ बाट कार्यन्वयनमा आउनेछन् ।
कार्यवाहक अध्यागमनमन्त्री एलन टुजले भन्नुभयो -‘हाम्रो अष्ट्रेलियन मान्यता महत्वपुर्ण छ, तीनै मान्यताले देश निर्माणमा भूमिका खेलेको छ, त्यहि कारणले नै मानिसहरु अष्ट्रेलियाको नागरिक बन्न चाहान्छन् ।’
मन्त्री टुजका अनुसार थपिएका प्रश्नहरुले नागरिक बन्न चाहानेहरुलाई अष्ट्रेलियाको मुल्यमान्यता बुझ्न सहयोग गर्नेछ । टुजले वाक स्वतन्त्रता, आपसी सद्भाव, अवसरको समानता, प्रजातन्त्र र विधीको शासन नै अष्ट्रेलियाको मुल्यमान्यता रहेको समेत बताउनुभयो ।
अध्यागमन तथा नागरिकता विभागले जारी गरेको नागरिकताको परिक्षाको नयाँ प्रश्नहरु यस्ता हुनेछन् ।
1. What do we commemorate on Anzac Day?
a. The landing of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli, Turkey during World War I
b. The arrival of the first free settlers from Great Britain
c. The landing of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove
2. What are the colours of the Australian Aboriginal Flag?
a. Black, red and yellow
b. Green, white and black
c. Blue, white and green
3. What is the Commonwealth Coat of Arms?
a. The national anthem
b. Australia’s national flower
c. The official symbol of Australia, which identifies Commonwealth property
4. What happened in Australia on 1 January 1901?
a. The Australian Constitution was changed by a referendum
b. The separate colonies were united into a federation of states called the Commonwealth of Australia
c. The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps was formed
5. What is the capital city of Australia?
6. Which of these is an example of freedom of speech?
a. People can peacefully protest against a government action
b. Men and women are treated equally in a court of law
c. Australians are free to not follow a religion
7. Which of these statements about government in Australia is correct?
a. The government does not allow some religions
b. The government in Australia is secular
c. Religious laws are passed by Parliament
8. Which of these is an example of equality in Australia?
a. Everyone follows the same religion
b. Men and women have equal rights
c. Everyone belongs to the same political party
9. Which of these is a responsibility of Australian citizens aged 18 years or over?
a. To attend local council meetings
b. To vote in federal and state or territory elections, and in a referendum
c. To have a current Australian passport
10. Which of these statements about passports is correct?
a. Australian citizens can apply for an Australian passport
b. Permanent residents can hold an Australian passport
c. Australian citizens need a passport and visa to return to Australia
11. Which of these statements about voting in Australian elections is correct?
a. People are free and safe to vote for any candidate
b. Voting is by a show of hands
c. People must write their name on their vote
12. What is the name of the legal document that sets out the basic rules for the government of Australia?
a. The Australian Federation
b. The Australian Commonwealth
c. The Australian Constitution
13. What is a referendum?
a. A vote to change the government
b. A vote to change the Australian Constitution
c. A vote to change the Prime Minister
14. Which arm of government has the power to interpret and apply laws?
15. Which of these is a role of the Governor-General?
a. The appointment of state premiers
b. Signing all Bills passed by the Australian Parliament into law
c. The appointment of the Head of State
16. Which of these statements best demonstrates Australian values about freedom of expression?
a. Everyone can peacefully express their opinions within the law
b. People with different views from me need to keep quiet
c. Only approved topics can be discussed
17. Should people in Australia make an effort to learn English?
a. People in Australia should speak whichever language is most commonly spoken in their local neighbourhood
b. There is no expectation to learn any particular language in Australia
c. Yes, English is the national language of Australia and it helps to get an education, a job, and to integrate into the community
18. In Australia, can you encourage violence against a person or group of people if you have been insulted?
a. Yes, if you do not intend to carry out the violence
b. No, it is against Australian values and the law
c. Sometimes, if I feel very offended
19. Should people tolerate one another where they find that they disagree?
a. It is against the law to disagree with one another
b. No, people only need to treat each other with respect if they agree with one another
c. Yes, peaceful disagreement reflects Australian values in relation to mutual respect
20. Which of the following is an example of contributing to the Australian community?
a. Volunteering or fundraising for a charity is a great opportunity to strengthen our community
b. I should not make any effort to get to know other people
c. People in Australia should not contribute to the community because Australia is a free country